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Transfer Pricing

Tax Grants / Transfer Pricing

Transfer Pricing

Some Act 20 companies are paid to perform management or other consulting services for companies they own and maintain outside of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. In these cases, transfer pricing issues may occur, as the rate paid from one company you own to another company you own must be shown to be reasonable. This test for reasonableness of pricing is known as the “arm’s length” test. (Effectively, the price should be the same as what unrelated parties would charge in similar circumstances.)

We can help you assess whether this might apply to you. 

Transfer Pricing Study

It is important that you consult with a CPA who is familiar with these issues to determine a valid rate to pay for these services. They may advise you to commission a Transfer Pricing Study; this would be performed by a third party consulting firm, and generally costs around $25,000. It also would need to be renewed annually. The consulting firm would analyze your business and identify comparable businesses in the same market to determine a fair market price for the services or products you are selling.

The bottom line is that the IRS may adjust the transfer price for goods or services among related parties if it is not fixed on an “arm’s length” basis. Puerto Rico also bases its transfer pricing rules on the United States IRS code.

If you do need a Transfer Pricing Study, our company can identify an appropriate vendor and manage this process for you.


If you maintain a business in the United States (outside of Puerto Rico) which is audited by the IRS, there may be transfer pricing findings on that side of the transaction if the IRS judges that the fees paid to an Act 20 company you own are not reasonable in the marketplace. Having record of a Transfer Pricing Study to back up your decisions does not prevent the IRS from investigating you, and it is no guarantee that you won’t be handed a bill for additional tax owed; however, having the study report and showing that you set your prices according to it can go a long way in helping you defend your decisions, and the audit may be a shorter and less painful process.

We always advise our clients to assume that an audit will happen at some point and to plan for it, rather than hoping it won’t happen. While it is not illegal to set prices without considering the arm’s length principle, this approach does risk a rude awakening and large bill for back taxes owed at some point down the line.

We can assist you in finding qualified advisers in this matter, and in commissioning a Transfer Pricing Study if it is right for your situation.

We Can Help

We can help you assess whether Transfer Pricing might apply to you, assist you in finding qualified advisers, and answer any questions you might have.

Contact us for a free initial consultation.

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